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1. Name of the medicinal product
Imdur ® Tablets 60mg.
2. Qualitative and quantitative composition
Isosorbide mononitrate 60mg
For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3. Pharmaceutical form
Extended release film coated tablet (Durules®)
4. Clinical particulars
4.1 Therapeutic indications
Prophylactic treatment of angina pectoris.
4.2 Posology and method of administration
Imdur 60mg (one tablet) once daily given in the morning. The dose may be increased vĩ đại 120mg (two tablets) daily, both vĩ đại be taken once daily in the morning. The dose can be titrated vĩ đại minimise the possibility of headache, by initiating treatment with 30mg (half a tablet) for the first 2-4 days.
The safety and efficacy of Imdur in children has not yet been established.
No evidence of a need for routine dosage adjustment in older people has been found, but special care may be needed in those with increased susceptibility vĩ đại hypotension or marked hepatic or renal insufficiency.
The core of the tablet is insoluble in the digestive juices but disintegrates into small particles when all active substance has been released. Very occasionally the matrix may pass through the gastrointestinal tract without disintegrating and be found visible in the stool, but all active substance has been released.
Method of administration
Imdur Tablets must not be chewed or crushed. They should be swallowed whole with half a glass of water.
Hypersensitivity vĩ đại the active substance or vĩ đại any of the excipients listed in section 6.1. Constrictive cardiomyopathy and pericarditis, aortic stenosis, cardiac tamponade, mitral stenosis and severe anaemia.
Patients treated with Imdur must not be given Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors (e.g. sildenafil).
Severe cerebrovascular insufficiency or hypotension are relative contraindications vĩ đại the use of Imdur.
4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use
Imdur is not indicated for relief of acute angina attacks; in the sự kiện of an acute attack, sublingual or buccal glyceryl trinitrate tablets should be used.
4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
Concomitant administration of Imdur and Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors can potentiate the vasodilatory effect of Imdur with the potential result of serious side effects such as syncope or myocardial infarction. Therefore, Imdur and Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors (e.g. sildenafil) must not be given concomitantly.
4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation
The safety and efficacy of Imdur during pregnancy or lactation has not been established.
4.7 Effects on ability vĩ đại drive and use machines
Patients may develop dizziness when first using Imdur. Patients should be advised vĩ đại determine how they react vĩ đại Imdur before they drive or operate machinery.
4.8 Undesirable effects
Most of the adverse reactions are pharmacodynamically mediated and dose dependent. Headache may occur when treatment is initiated, but usually disappears after 1-2 weeks of treatment. The dose can be titrated vĩ đại minimise the possibility of headache, by initiating treatment with 30mg. Hypotension, with symptoms such as dizziness and nausea with syncope in isolated cases, has occasionally been reported. These symptoms generally disappear during continued treatment.
The following definitions of frequencies are used: Very Common (≥1/10), Common (≥1/100 vĩ đại <1/10), Uncommon (≥1/1,000 vĩ đại <1/100), Rare (≥1/10,000 vĩ đại <1/1,000) and Very Rare (<1/10,000).
Adverse drug reactions by frequency and system organ class (SOC)
System Organ Class
Nervous system disorders
Cardiac and vascular disorders
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
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Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked vĩ đại report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme. Website: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard.
Pulsing headache. More serious symptoms are excitation, flushing, cold perspiration, nausea, vomiting, vertigo, syncope, tachycardia and a fall in blood pressure.
Induction of emesis, activated charcoal. In case of pronounced hypotension the patient should first be placed in the supine position with legs raised. If necessary fluids should be administered intravenously.
5. Pharmacological properties
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Pharmacotherapeutic group: Vasodilators used in cardiovascular disease (organic nitrates). ATC Code: C01D A.
The principal pharmacological action of isosorbide mononitrate, an active metabolite of isosorbide dinitrate, is relaxation of vascular smooth muscle, producing vasodilation of both arteries and veins with the latter effect predominating. The effect of the treatment is dependent on the dose. Low plasma concentrations lead vĩ đại venous dilatation, resulting in peripheral pooling of blood, decreased venous return and reduction in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (preload). High plasma concentrations also dilate the arteries reducing systemic vascular resistance and arterial pressure leading vĩ đại a reduction in cardiac afterload. Isosorbide mononitrate may also have a direct dilatory effect on the coronary arteries. By reducing the kết thúc diastolic pressure and volume, the preparation lowers the intramural pressure, thereby leading vĩ đại an improvement in the subendocardial blood flow.
The net effect when administering isosorbide mononitrate is therefore a reduced workload of the heart and an improved oxygen supply/demand balance in the myocardium.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
Isosorbide mononitrate is completely absorbed and is not subject vĩ đại first pass metabolism by the liver. This reduces the intra- and inter-individual variations in plasma levels and leads vĩ đại predictable and reproducible clinical effects.
The elimination half-life of isosorbide mononitrate is around 5 hours. The plasma protein binding is less than thở 5%. The volume of distribution for isosorbide mononitrate is about 0.6 l/kg and total clearance around 115 ml/minute. Elimination is primarily by denitration and conjugation in the liver. The metabolites are excreted mainly via the kidneys. Only about 2% of the dose given is excreted intact via the kidneys.
Impaired liver or kidney function have no major influence on the pharmacokinetic properties.
Imdur is an extended release formulation (Durules). The active substance is released independently of pH, over a 10-hour period. Compared vĩ đại ordinary tablets the absorption phase is prolonged and the duration of effect is extended.
The extent of bioavailability of Imdur is about 90% compared vĩ đại immediate release tablets. Absorption is not significantly affected by food intake and there is no accumulation during steady state. Imdur exhibits dose proportional kinetics up vĩ đại 120mg. After repeated peroral administration with 60mg once daily, maximal plasma concentration (around 3000 nmol/l) is achieved after around 4 hours. The plasma concentration then gradually falls vĩ đại under 500 nmol/l at the kết thúc of the dosage interval (24 hours after dose intake). The tablets are divisible.
In placebo-controlled studies, Imdur once daily has been shown vĩ đại effectively control angina pectoris both in terms of exercise capacity and symptoms, and also in reducing signs of myocardial ischaemia. The duration of the effect is at least 12 hours, at this point the plasma concentration is at the same level as at around 1 hour after dose intake (around 1300 nmol/l).
Imdur is effective as monotherapy as well as in combination with chronic β-blocker therapy.
The clinical effects of nitrates may be attenuated during repeated administration owing vĩ đại high and/or even plasma levels. This can be avoided by allowing low plasma levels for a certain period of the dosage interval. Imdur, when administered once daily in the morning, produces a plasma profile of high levels during the day and low levels during the night. With Imdur 60mg or 120mg once daily no development of tolerance with respect vĩ đại antianginal effect has been observed. Rebound phenomenon between doses as described with intermittent nitrate patch therapy has not been seen with Imdur.
5.3 Preclinical safety data
The accessible data indicate that isosorbide mononitrate has expected pharmacodynamic properties of an organic nitrate ester, has simple pharmacokinetic properties, and is devoid of toxic, mutagenic or oncogenic effects.
6. Pharmaceutical particulars
6.1 List of excipients
Colloidal anhydrous silica
Titanium dioxide E171
Iron oxide yellow E172.
Not applicable for extended release products.
6.3 Shelf life
Glass bottle: 3 years
Blister pack: 3 years
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 30°C.
6.5 Nature and contents of container
Amber glass bottles with a LD-polyethylene cap in a pack of 100 tablets.
Press-through package of thermoformed PVC, in packs of 7, 14, 28 and 98 tablets.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for disposal and other handling
Do not crush or chew tablets. The tablets should be taken with half a glass of water.
7. Marketing authorisation holder
TopRidge Pharma (Ireland) Limited
6-9 Trinity Street, Dublin 2
8. Marketing authorisation number(s)
9. Date of first authorisation/renewal of the authorisation
Date of first authorisation: 21st July 1987
Date of latest renewal: 18th May 2004
10. Date of revision of the text
11th August 2017